Question: Is Alexithymia A Disorder?

What is alexithymia?

Alexithymia is a subclinical phenomenon involving a lack of emotional awareness or, more specifically, difficulty in identifying and describing feelings and in distinguishing feelings from the bodily sensations of emotional arousal (Nemiah et al., 1976)..

What is narcissistic alexithymia?

Alexithymia is when you have trouble identifying and describing your feelings as well as others, and struggle with empathy and NPD (Narcissistic personality disorder) is an overinflation of self importance.

Is alexithymia a personality trait?

Alexithymia is a personal trait characterized by the subclinical inability to identify and describe emotions experienced by one’s self or others. The core characteristics of alexithymia are marked dysfunction in emotional awareness, social attachment, and interpersonal relating.

Do Aspergers feel empathy?

They may manifest feelings less outwardly, or their facial expression might not match what the individual is feeling inside. People with Asperger profiles do have empathy, despite an unfortunate stigma that suggests otherwise.

What are the symptoms of alexithymia?

Here are a few examples those with alexithymia experience:Difficulty identifying different types of feelings.Limited understanding of what causes feelings.Difficulty expressing feelings.Difficulty recognizing facial cues in others.Limited or rigid imagination.Constricted style of thinking.More items…•

Can alexithymia go away?

To date, there isn’t a single individual treatment for alexithymia. The exact treatment approach depends on your overall health needs. For example, if you have depression or anxiety, taking certain medications for these conditions could also help emotional health symptoms.

Is alexithymia a form of autism?

Alexithymia is a personality construct characterized by altered emotional awareness which has been gaining diagnostic prevalence in a range of neuropsychiatric disorders, with notably high rates of overlap with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the nature of its role in ASD symptomatology remains elusive.

Is it possible to have no emotions?

Despite the name, the real problem for people with alexithymia isn’t so much that they have no words for their emotions, but that they lack the emotions themselves. Still, not everyone with the condition has the same experiences. Some have gaps and distortions in the typical emotional repertoire.

What causes emotional detachment disorder?

Sometimes, emotional detachment may be the result of traumatic events, such as childhood abuse or neglect. Children who are abused or neglected may develop emotional detachment as a means of survival. Children require a lot of emotional connection from their parents or caregivers.

Can alexithymia be genetic?

The inability to express emotions (alexithymia) is thought to be hereditary. … The role of genetic and environmental factors for developing alexithymia is still unclear, and the aim of this study was to examine these factors in a large population-based sample of twins.

What are traits of Aspergers?

Asperger’s CharacteristicsIntellectual or Artistic Interest.Speech Differences.Delayed Motor Development.Poor Social Skills.The Development of Harmful Psychological Problems.Detail-oriented.Persistence.Not Socially-driven.More items…

Is alexithymia a mental illness?

Researchers describe alexithymia as a construct relating to a difficulty experiencing, identifying, and expressing emotions. It is not a clinical diagnosis, and mental health professionals do not consider it a disorder, although it may occur alongside some mental health conditions.

Does alexithymia get worse with age?

Research has shown that in older age, higher alexithymia scores are partly explained by gray matter reduction in the anterior cingulate cortex (Paradiso et al., 2008), consistent with the role of this brain structure in emotional awareness (Mc Rae et al., 2008).

Are you born with alexithymia?

Trait alexithymia may be, ‘inborn,’ or caused by events that happen in a person’s early childhood such as neglect or abuse from a primary caregiver.

Do psychopaths have alexithymia?

Individuals with psychopathy are self-indulgent, undercontrolled, deceitful, manipulative, charming, and free of anxiety. Like those characterized by the alexithymia prototype, however, they are not introspective, and they lack insight, warmth, and empathy.